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Система здравоохранения в англоязычных странах<br>Хайбуллина Элина Равилевна<br>ГАПОУ «Казанский мед
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Система здравоохранения в англоязычных странах
Хайбуллина Элина Равилевна
ГАПОУ «Казанский медицинский колледж»
34.02.01 Сестринское дело
2 курс

Plan<br>National Health Service (NHS)<br>UK health care system<br>Primary and secondary medical serv
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Plan
National Health Service (NHS)
UK health care system
Primary and secondary medical services
Primary and secondary medical services 1
How to get medical care in the NHS
How to get medical care in the NHS 1
How to get medical care in the NHS 2
How to get medical care in the NHS 3
USA Health care system
Health system structure
US medicine operates at the following levels
The health care system consists of numerous services that vary in type of funding and function, including
Hospitals in US are divided into three types
Government programs
Medical insurance
Medical insurance
Vocabulary
References













National health service (NHS)<br>The British NHS is an extremely centralized version of a single pay
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National health service (NHS)
The British NHS is an extremely centralized version of a single payer system. The state directly pays for the medical services provided and finances health care from the general tax revenues of the budget. With the exception of a small share in the payment of prescription drugs, dental care and eye care services, the consumer does not bear any costs for medical activities.

UK health care system<br>Today, every Briton has access to high-quality health care services, which
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UK health care system
Today, every Briton has access to high-quality health care services, which is financed through progressive taxation, that is, everyone pays in accordance with their capabilities. Interestingly, even now the British Labor Party still considers the creation of the NHS its most outstanding achievement (the National Health Service was created on July 5, 1945).

primary and secondary medical services<br>To distribute a variety of medical services in the United
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primary and secondary medical services
To distribute a variety of medical services in the United Kingdom, they are divided into primary and secondary. Both groups of services are provided by the respective local NHS units, the so-called trusts (NHS trusts), which are directly subordinate to the regional strategic health departments.

Primary and secondary medical services<br>Primary health care provides for routine medical care prov
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Primary and secondary medical services
Primary health care provides for routine medical care provided in the offices of general practitioners, outpatient surgical departments, dental and ophthalmology rooms. Secondary are specialized medical services in hospitals, outpatient clinics, as well as the work of psychologists and psychiatrists.

How to get medical care in the NHS<br>You must register with a local practitioner at a general pract
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How to get medical care in the NHS
You must register with a local practitioner at a general practitioner (GP for short). For registration, it is enough to have an identity card (ID), confirming residence in England, and proof of address. It is GP that conducts the initial examination of the patient and, if necessary, issues a referral to a specialist.

How to get medical care in the NHS<br>If a citizen has recently moved to the area and has not yet ma
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How to get medical care in the NHS
If a citizen has recently moved to the area and has not yet managed to register with the local GP, then there are special Walk-in centers at his services, where you can address with not too serious health problems.

How to get medical care in the NHS<br>Free medical advice can also be obtained at any pharmacy from
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How to get medical care in the NHS
Free medical advice can also be obtained at any pharmacy from a pharmacist or by calling 111 - qualified personnel will analyze the symptoms and tell you how to proceed.

How to get medical care in the NHS<br>The concept of "ambulance" in the UK exists only for
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How to get medical care in the NHS
The concept of "ambulance" in the UK exists only for critical cases when there is a threat to life, calling 999.

USA Health care system<br>The obvious drawback of the US healthcare system is the lack of free medic
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USA Health care system
The obvious drawback of the US healthcare system is the lack of free medical care, but the average price of insurance per year is around $ 1,000, which is quite acceptable for the majority of the employed population.
USA - the only industrialized nation that does not guarantee its citizens a universal and comprehensive health insurance system.

Health system structure<br>Responsibility for national health rests with the U.S. Department of Heal
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Health system structure
Responsibility for national health rests with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The following departments within the Ministry are involved in resolving medical problems: the Public Health Service and the Office for Financing Medical Care.

US medicine operates at the following levels:<br>family medicine - doctors conduct a general examina
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US medicine operates at the following levels:
family medicine - doctors conduct a general examination of patients, sending them, if necessary, to a narrower specialist.
hospital care - occupies a central place in the medical system, although in recent years its importance has been reduced and replaced by the activities of clinics, ambulances and nursing homes. Hospitals are divided into commercial and non-profit.
public health.

The health care system consists of numerous services that vary in type of funding and function, incl
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The health care system consists of numerous services that vary in type of funding and function, including:
Public Health and Preventive Medicine Services.
Non-emergency outpatient services.
Simple inpatient care - specializes in short-term hospitalization.
Sophisticated inpatient care - the provision of long-term, highly qualified and technically sophisticated inpatient care.

Hospitals in US are divided into three types:<br>state - Provide services for veterans, people with
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Hospitals in US are divided into three types:
state - Provide services for veterans, people with disabilities, civil servants, patients with tuberculosis and mental illness.
private profitable (commercial) (up to 30% of all hospitals).
Private “nonprofit” - created on the initiative of religious or ethnic groups or local residents, they account for up to 70% of the total final fund.

Government programs<br>Medicaid, designed to help people with low incomes, is funded by both the fed
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Government programs
Medicaid, designed to help people with low incomes, is funded by both the federal and state governments.
Medicare aims to help people over 65, as well as citizens of pre-retirement age who have health problems. The sources of financing are: payroll tax, progressive income tax and corporate income tax.
Tricare provides insurance for veterans and their families.

Medical insurance<br>There is no compulsory medical insurance in the United States. Insurance usuall
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Medical insurance
There is no compulsory medical insurance in the United States. Insurance usually covers the cost of medicines, most of which are available only by prescription. Insurance does not cover all, but only a clearly limited list of medical services. This does not include, for example, the services of a dentist, ophthalmologist, pediatrician or psychiatrist, etc.

Medical insurance<br>There are two types of insurance provided by the employer:<br>“Service fee”: pa
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Medical insurance
There are two types of insurance provided by the employer:
“Service fee”: payment of money for actually provided services; usually the insurance company reimburses 80% of the costs, the rest fall on the shoulders of the patient.
“Managed services”: payment of a fixed amount for each insured, excluding additional services.

VOcabulary<br>a hospital                          крупная больница, в которой есть стационар, то ест
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VOcabulary
a hospital крупная больница, в которой есть стационар, то есть в ней лежат больные
an infirmary медпункт, например, в школе или университете
a clinic небольшая клиника без стационара, часто так называют маленькие частные клиники
a care homeдом престарелых — учреждение, в котором ухаживают за теми, кто не в состоянии о себе позаботиться
a day centreцентр помощи престарелым и инвалидам, который оказывает помощь только в дневное время суток
an asylum a psychiatric hospitalпсихиатрическая больница
a halfway houseреабилитационный центр для тех, кто долго был в психиатрической клинике или тюрьме и теперь адаптируется к обычной жизни
a hospice хоспис
a sanatoriumсанаторий
a unitотделение (в больнице)
a ward a sickroomпалата
a consulting roomкабинет врача, в котором он осматривает пациента
a doctor’s office (AmE)приемная врача
A&E (accident and emergency department), casualty (BrE)
ER (emergency room) (AmE)отделение неотложной помощи
an ICU (intensive care unit)отделение реанимации
a high dependency unitотделение интенсивной терапии
Primary medical service первичное медицинское обслуживание
Secondary medical service профессиональное медицинское обслуживание
Medical care медицинская помощь
Medical insurance медицинское страхование

References<br>Козырева Л.Г., Шацкая Т.В., Английский язык для медицинских колледжей и училищ, Ростов
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References
Козырева Л.Г., Шацкая Т.В., Английский язык для медицинских колледжей и училищ, Ростов н/Д: изд-во «Феникс», 2016.
Tony Grice «Nursing» 1, Oxford University Press, 2013.
Tony Grice and James Greenan «Nursing» 2, Oxford University Press, 2015.

Internet resourses
https://lingualeo.com/
https://studfile.net/preview/
https://studopedia.ru/

THANKS FOR ATTENTION<br>
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THANKS FOR ATTENTION

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